Early Modern

North America and Quebec

The Battle of Quebec, 13 September 1759

James Wolfes’ victory at Quebec gave the British dominion over North American. It was the victory of an army forced to adapt fast to the demands of colonial warfare  in the wilderness The Battle of Quebec on 13 September 1759, below, showing the deployment of the British (shown in red) and French forces (shown in […]

British grenadiers square

British Grenadiers – Soldier Profile

Grenadier companies were first formed in the British Army in 1678, and were not finally abolished until 1855. By the time of the Quebec campaign, the 13 companies of a British foot battalion included one of grenadiers and one of light infantry. The grenadiers, as the battalion elite, were traditionally posted on the right (with […]

Plan-of-Dettingen

The Battle of Fontenoy, 11 May 1745

The War of the Austrian Succession found the British Army run down and neglected, its proud military traditions grown sclerotic. Yet in May 1745, at Fontenoy in Belgium, 15000 British redcoats mounted a doomed assault every bit as courageous as Pickett’s charge at Gettysburg The ‘mousetrap’: the Battle of Dettingen, 27 June 1743. George II […]

Plan of Steenkirk 1692

Battle of Steenkirk, 3 August 1692

The struggle for supremacy between Britain and France dominated the History of the British Army from 1688 to 1815. the struggle began with a ferocious infantry-battle in wooded ravines on the edge of the Ardennes in 1692. King William had his men on the move long before dawn on 3 August 1692. Pioneers went ahead […]

Naseby1

Battle of Naseby, 14th June 1645

Two years of amateur warfare had changed nothing.The English Civil War remained in the balance. Then, in February 1645, Parliament created the New Model Army. Cromwell had raised a regiment of cavalry in Cambridgeshire. He deliberately recruited ‘men of a spirit’ and allowed complete ‘liberty of conscience’. His men – the original ‘Ironsides’– became the the deepest […]

Jacobean State Torture and Execution

Military Times assesses some of the corporal punishment techniques employed by the English government in the time of Guy Fawkes, during its ‘war on terror’. State Torture The manacles The English Protestant state employed two forms of torture in its ‘war on terror’ in the early 17th century. The manacles were used to suspend victims […]

Cromwell-Monument

Naseby: Then and Now – Battlefield

Martin Marix Evans describes the scene of the New Model Army’s victory over King Charles and Prince Rupert on 14 June 1645. The 17th century campaign was beset with difficulties. Moving through the countryside was hard to plan, given the lack of maps and knowledge of your enemy’s location. The condition of roads and bridges […]

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