Between 1642 and 1645, London was the heart of a national revolution against absolutism. During the ‘December Days’ in late 1641, the political crisis in relations between Court and Parliament tipped over into revolution. Vast crowds of ordinary Londoners besieged Parliament to force through the anti-royalist measures they supported. Then, in early January 1642, an attempted coup by the Court backfired. King Charles entered Parliament to arrest […]
Neil Faulkner rails against the neglect of historic battlefields and a warped view of British history. Visit the battlefield of Evesham and you will find most of it private property with minimal public access. What happened here? As Steve Roberts explains this issue (see War Zone), it was where Simon de Montfort perished with many […]
How did the Royal Navy deal with pirates in their 17th century heyday?
British trade routes were plagued by pirates during the 19th century, but where were the most dangerous and densely-populated pirate havens?
James Wolfes’ victory at Quebec gave the British dominion over North American. It was the victory of an army forced to adapt fast to the demands of colonial warfare in the wilderness The Battle of Quebec on 13 September 1759, below, showing the deployment of the British (shown in red) and French forces (shown in […]
Grenadier companies were first formed in the British Army in 1678, and were not finally abolished until 1855. By the time of the Quebec campaign, the 13 companies of a British foot battalion included one of grenadiers and one of light infantry. The grenadiers, as the battalion elite, were traditionally posted on the right (with […]
The War of the Austrian Succession found the British Army run down and neglected, its proud military traditions grown sclerotic. Yet in May 1745, at Fontenoy in Belgium, 15000 British redcoats mounted a doomed assault every bit as courageous as Pickett’s charge at Gettysburg The ‘mousetrap’: the Battle of Dettingen, 27 June 1743. George II […]
The struggle for supremacy between Britain and France dominated the History of the British Army from 1688 to 1815. the struggle began with a ferocious infantry-battle in wooded ravines on the edge of the Ardennes in 1692. King William had his men on the move long before dawn on 3 August 1692. Pioneers went ahead […]
Two years of amateur warfare had changed nothing.The English Civil War remained in the balance. Then, in February 1645, Parliament created the New Model Army. Cromwell had raised a regiment of cavalry in Cambridgeshire. He deliberately recruited ‘men of a spirit’ and allowed complete ‘liberty of conscience’. His men – the original ‘Ironsides’– became the the deepest […]
Samurai grab your swords: the Total War game franchise is heading back to Japan for it’s next strategy sequel.