The corroded helmet would have been an essential component of protection for any Viking warrior. Several iron bands and plates, riveted together, would shield the wearer during the violent clashes for which the warriors are renowned.
The Spartans were well-known for their frugality, living simply with a minimum of comforts, and ‘spartan’ acquired the sense of extreme simplicity in lifestyle.
The research, published in the journal Britannia, is expected to aid understanding of how Wales was conquered and dominated 2,000 years ago.
‘Hun’ became an unflattering synonym for Germans during World War I, used by Britons to emphasise their enemy’s brutality.
Thought to belong to an Iron Age warrior buried over 2,000 years ago, the site includes weapons such as a sword in a highly decorated scabbard, as well as a spear.
Carrawburgh is one of 16 forts along the 118km Hadrian’s Wall. The frontier, built around AD 122, was responsible for defending the Roman Empire from northern tribes.
The location of the battle that supposedly ‘brought England into existence’ was always going to be hotly disputed. But archaeologists now claim the site of the Battle of Brunanburh has been definitively established.
With this book, Paul Rahe continues his projected six-volume account of the history of the Spartan state.
Archaeologists at the site of an ancient battle in Germany say newly uncovered artefacts suggest many of those involved were not local men but came from further afield.
The very word ‘Viking’ conjures up images of fearsome longships, merciless invasions, and slaughtered victims. But were the Vikings unique in their savagery, or were they instead products of an era in which all those who wished to conquer did so without taking any prisoners?