16th Century

Machiavelli

Niccolò Machiavelli: the father of Renaissance warfare

Iain King examines the relationship between war and thought in the writings of Niccolò Machiavelli. “Men rise from one ambition to another; first they seek to secure themselves against attack, then they attack others.” – Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince, 1532 Machiavelli was many things: a scholar and writer, a spin doctor for the government of his […]

Close-up Ottoman galleys_featured

Renaissance galleys

The galleys were the most effective vessel in Mediterranean naval warfare during the 16th century. This was the Indian summer of an ancient warship that gave primacy to oars over sails and, in a Renaissance context, a level cannon-bearing platform over a rounded keel – thus, in effect, turning sea battles into land battles. The […]

Opinion – Battlefields of neglect

Neil Faulkner rails against the neglect of historic battlefields and a warped view of British history. Visit the battlefield of Evesham and you will find most of it private property with minimal public access. What happened here? As Steve Roberts explains this issue (see War Zone), it was where Simon de Montfort perished with many […]

Flodden Field and the Campaign of 1513

John Sadler takes us on a tour around Flodden Field, and explains how the terrain played such a major part in the campaign. The Battle of Flodden was fought because Henry VIII planned to invade France in 1513 in support of the Habsburg Emperor. His fear was that his brother-in-law, James IV of Scotland, an […]