Tag: Wellington

Hougoumont

Save Hougomont at the Battlefield of Waterloo by Richard Holmes

Leading military historian Richard Holmes describes the struggle for Hougoumont during the Battle of Waterloo, and explains why the historic farm-complex, now under threat of collapse, must be preserved.   The Duke of Wellington maintained that it was as difficult to write the history of a battle as the history of a ball. The inherent […]

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To War with Wellington: from the Peninsular to Waterloo, by Peter Snow

Wellington’s Peninsular campaign was waged amid a war that remains totally dominated by naval strategy within the British historical memory. Where glory was available at sea, land operations were relegated to colonial operations or, by borrowing enough cash – at more favourable terms than could the French – to paying other European powers to keep […]

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Map of the Wellington's Lines of Torres Vedras – from September 1809

The lines of the Torres Vedras were lines of forts secretly built by the British from around September 1809-1812 to protect Lisbon during the Peninsular War. The landscape was remodelled wholesale to make it more defensible. Every approach was covered by at least one fort, and all forts were mutually supporting. Trench-lines covered some of […]