The author of Nineteen Eighty-Four – whose real name was Eric Blair – and his wife Eileen were put under observation by Communist military intelligence in May 1937, when an internal conflict broke out within the Republican side.
Spanish Civil War
Seema Syeda appreciates the charm and chutzpah of indefatigable war correspondent Martha Gellhorn. Having crossed the Atlantic to cover her first conflict, the Spanish Civil War, Gellhorn found herself in Czechoslovakia, just before the Nazi occupation of the region known to the Germans as the Sudetenland.
The life of a journalist who was never far from the front-line: George Orwell. His writing sought to rationalise and navigate the challenges of the day, and his early vision for a utopian socialist society slowly gave way to the dystopian warnings expressed in his novels.
This massive foreign involvement lends credibility to the claim of Manuel Chaves Nogales, a leading Spanish journalit in Madrid during the siege, that ‘Spanish Civil War’ was a misnomer.