No general in American history held the kind of absolute power General Pershing wielded. With complete backing from President Woodrow Wilson and Secretary of War Newton D Baker, Pershing could shape the American Expeditionary Force, due to deploy on the Western Front of the First World War, as he saw fit. But how successful was his military strategy?
Taylor Downing reveals an official cover-up of mental illness in the later years of the war. It was not just the scale of the physical casualties that overwhelmed the British Army in the summer of 1916 on the Somme, terrible though these were – 38,000 wounded to be processed through medical facilities on the first day […]
The April issue of Military History Monthly, the British military history magazine, is now on sale. In this issue: ON THE COVER: BIRTH OF THE RAF 100 years after its birth, renowned military historian Jeremy Black revisits the creation of a revolutionary military organisation: the Royal Air Force. SPECIAL: CHAKDARA, 1897 – THE OTHER RORKE’S DRIFT? In an […]
Could the Germans have won the First World War in 1918? Almost certainly. A quarter of a century later, the tide of war would turn irretrievably against Hitler’s Third Reich in 1942/1943. The massive industrial power of the Soviet Union and the United States combined – still rising towards a wartime peak –guaranteed eventual defeat. The outcome was far more open in 1917/1918.
The March issue of Military History Monthly, the British military history magazine, is now on sale. In this issue: THE FIRST BLITZKRIEG This month our 17-page special feature looks back on Kaiserschlacht –General Ludendorff’s great offensive of spring 1918. Kaiserschlacht ushered in a new tactical doctrine of speed, surprise, and infiltration that almost won the war for Germany. In our first […]
The February issue of Military History Monthly, the British military history magazine, is now on sale. In this issue: ON THE COVER: SPARTAN LAST STAND American military historian Fred Chiaventone recounts the Spartan defence of the Hot Gates at Thermopylae, 480 BC. SPECIAL: LEE AND JACKSON This month, our 15-page special looks at the partnership between two […]
Gervase Phillips reports on the vital role of the ‘pigeon post’ amid Passchendaele’s waterlogged crater-fields. For Major Alec Waley, the commanding officer of the British Expeditionary Force’s Carrier Pigeon Service, 31 July 1917 was a peculiarly tense day, but ultimately a very satisfying one. It was the first day of the Third Battle of Ypres […]
As the years draw on, the events of the First World War slowly fade from living memory. Scattered across the globe, the battlefields – once witness to the carnage of industrialised slaughter – today rest in relative peace.