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World’s only portrait signed by Churchill displayed

The only portrait that Winston Churchill ever signed has gone on public display for the first time. It was painted by artist Paul Trevillion in 1955. Born in 1934, Paul was a schoolboy during the Second World War. He told MHM, ‘My school desk faced a large poster hanging on the school wall, it had the face of Churchill […]

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The Norman Conquest: 1066 timeline

Marking the 950th anniversary of the Battle of Hastings, October’s special feature focuses on the Norman Conquest. Here, we examine ten key dates in 1066.

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Tukhachevsky: ‘the Red Napoleon’

The Red Army’s Marshal Tukhachevsky was one of the most brilliant, innovative, and influential military theorists since Napoleon Bonaparte. Some military historians believe the Second World War could have ended sooner had Tukhachevsky lived to lead the fight. Here are a few of his key ideas: This is an extract from an article written by […]

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What really happened at the Battle of Culloden?

  Culloden has been frequently presented as a battle fought by an incompetent, ill-equipped, and badly led Jacobite army wielding swords against superior, professional Redcoats armed with muskets. A new book by Murray Pittock, Bradley Professor of History at the University of Glasgow, challenges this consensus. Murray shows that Government forces actually won the battle by blade, while the Jacobites, though few in number, were professionally managed and […]

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BOOK REVIEW: Poles In Defence of Britain

Robert Gretzyngier’s account of the Poles who fought for the RAF so gallantly during the Battle of Britain both amazes and captivates the reader. It includes personal and moving accounts from and about the airmen who fought and died for Britain during the Second World War. This day-by-day coverage begins with the journey of the […]

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BATTLE MAPS: The Brusilov Offensive,1916

The Russian Imperial Army has been portrayed as unfit to wage a modern war. It is best known for a catalogue of disasters at the hands of the Germans, notably at Tannenberg in 1914 and Gorlice-Tarnow in 1915, and then for its sudden collapse in the 1917 revolution. Yet General Alexsei Brusilov launched one of […]

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Battlefield Medicine: Wellington’s medical service at Waterloo

There were around 50 hospital staff in Brussels before Waterloo, some of whom had recently been on campaign elsewhere in the Low Countries. Other regimental doctors came over with their battalions, as did other hospital staff members (physicians, apothecaries, purveyors, and dispensers).  At the time of Waterloo, there was no anaesthesia, no knowledge of or […]

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REGIMENT: The 10th Bombay Native Infantry in the Indian Mutiny

As the last knot of mutineers stood against the charge of the 10th Bombay Native Infantry, there must have been many who marvelled at the regiment’s bravery. Kotah-ki-Serai in June 1858 was the stiffest fight that the 10th experienced in the so-called ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. Bengal troops – trained, armed, dressed, and equipped just like the […]

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BATTLE MAPS: Battles of Monte la Difensa and Remetania

  Monte la Difensa Today, when you look at the routes up Difensa’s crags, it is just possible to imagine small groups of highly trained mountaineers conquering them. But hosts of heavily laden troops could not succeed, could they? They did, but not without facing almost overpowering difficulties. As one Forceman said, ‘no fear of death, just sheer exhaustion and survival. I […]

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WAR OF WORDS: ‘Legion’

‘Legion’ derives from the Latin legio, which itself comes from the verb legere, meaning ‘to choose’ or ‘to levy’. The legion represented the muster of Rome’s citizens in times of war. It appeared in English in the Middle Ages, and came to mean a large body of soldiers, or simply many people or things. In 1611, Shakespeare wrote in Cymbeline: ‘The Romaine Legions, all from […]

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