The lines of the Torres Vedras were lines of forts secretly built by the British from around September 1809-1812 to protect Lisbon during the Peninsular War. The landscape was remodelled wholesale to make it more defensible. Every approach was covered by at least one fort, and all forts were mutually supporting. Trench-lines covered some of […]
The Battle of Marathon saw wo entirely antithetical military and political traditions: cavalry, archery, and light-armed troops versus heavy infantry; coerced subjects against free militia; wealthy imperial invaders turned away by pedestrian defenders of farm and family. The verdict of Marathon proved that far from being rudimentary, the introduction of a true heavy-infantry militia and […]
Map of the Battle of Maiwand, 27 July 1880: the decisive action of the Second Afghan War. General Burrows’ little army of 2,700 men was caught in the open by a force around seven times the size. The Afghan warlord Ayub Khan played his advantages to the full, threatening the ranks of the British line, […]
The Battle of Wakefield was a maor battle in the War of the Roses. It took place at Sandal Magna near Wakefield, in West Yorkshire on 30th December 1460 The opposing forces were a Lancastrian army, loyal to the captive King Henry VI on one side, and the army of Richard, Duke of York, the […]
A map of Taranto Harbour on 11 November 1940, showing the position of the Italian ships, the habour defences, and the direction of the British torpedo bomber attack waves.
Have you ever wanted to trace your family tree? Well look no further than the UK’s most comprehensive family history show this February.
The Zulu Film Museum is about to open at the Cardiff Castle Museum – find out more about this unique and historic exhibition.
If the Battle of Britain was a victory of ‘the Few’: that of a small military elite of fighter pilots, the Battle of London was a victory of ‘the Many’. The bombing plane, coming at night, got through. It rained down death and destruction. But it was defeated by the mass mobilisation of a million […]
Used throughout the Second World War to identify friend from foe, these original spotter cards show the differences in the silhouettes between British and German aircraft.
Aircraft: Supermarine Spitfire Mk I Type: single-engine British fighter Manufacturer: Supermarine Division, Vickers-Armstrong Ltd Year: 1938 Engine: Rolls-Royce Merlin II, 12-cylinder V, liquid-cooled, 1,030 hp Wingspan: 11.22m Length: 9.12m Height: 3.48m Weight (loaded): 2,415 kg Maximum speed: 355 mph Ceiling: 34,000 feet Range: 500 miles Armament: 8 Browning machineguns in wings Crew: 1 Click to […]