During the second half of the 17th century, France underwent a military transformation of such magnitude that in the space of a generation it overturned the supremacy of Spain to become the pre-eminent power in Europe.
They were thought to have been lost in the watery depths of the vast Pacific Ocean. But now, explorers have found two Japanese aircraft carriers sunk in battle during World War Two.
David Porter takes a look at everything that went wrong with the Bachem BA 349 ‘Natter’ (Viper)
The First World War created new experiences of pain and suffering, and had profound consequences for the shape of wars to come. But in one respect the Great War of 1914-1918 was curiously old-fashioned and traditional – and that was in the realms of spirituality, superstition, and religious faith.
The Second World War was the deadliest conflict in human history – involving 30 belligerent nations, it was fought from the far north of Europe to the South Pacific, and mobilised 1 in 9 of the global population. Estimates of the total number of soldiers and civilians killed range from 56 million to 85 million.
How important are ‘decisive battles’ in the history of war? This is the central question addressed by Cathal Nolan in this magisterial survey of more than 2,000 years of military history.
In the Czech Republic, the statue of WWII Soviet military leader Ivan Konev is set to topple, following a decision by a Prague district assembly.
How did London communicate with the Resistance in Occupied Europe during the Second World War? A newly released archive of BBC documents has revealed that coded messages were often sent in regular radio bulletins.
There can be little doubt that the export of opium from India to China by, among others, the Honourable East India Company is hard to condone. Indeed, Mark Simner makes the point that the trade was always kept quiet in Britain and, to a lesser extent, China.
Hermann Balch has been described as the ‘greatest German general no one ever heard of’. Stephen Robinson, a graduate of the Australian Command and Staff College, has attempted to address this paradox, but with only partial success.